Головна Официальный стандарт США на горох колотый

    Официальный стандарт США на горох колотый

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    Официальные стандарты США на горох колотый
    UNITED STATES STANDARDS FOR SPLIT PEAS 1/ 

    1/ Compliance with the provisions of these standards does not excuse failure to comply with the provisions of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, or other Federal laws.  

    Terms Defined  

    501 Definitions.  

    For the purposes of these standards the following terms shall have the meanings stated below:  

    (a) Bleached split peas. Split peas of green-colored varieties which are bleached distinctly yellow in color or split peas of yellow-colored varieties which are bleached distinctly green in color.

    (b) Classes. The following three classes:

    (1) Green split peas. Split peas from the garden varieties which have green-colored cotyledons.

    (2) Yellow split peas. Split peas from the garden varieties which have yellow-colored cotyledons.

    (3) Winter split peas. Split peas from the Austrian Winter or Romack varieties, or of other similar varieties.

    (c) Contrasting split peas. Split peas which are of a color contrasting with the predominating class of split peas. Bleached split peas of the predominating class shall not be considered as contrasting split peas.

    (d) Damaged split peas. Split peas which are distinctly damaged by frost, weather, disease, heat (other than to a material extent), or other causes (except weevil or material heat damage), or are distinctly soiled or stained by nightshade, dirt, or toxic material.

    (e) Defective split peas. The categories of defective split peas shall be weevil-damaged split peas, heat-damaged split peas, damaged split peas, contrasting split peas, whole peas, white caps, and bleached split peas.

    (f) Fair color split peas. Split peas that in mass are off color from the characteristic color of the predominating class as a result of age or any other cause.

    (g) Foreign material. All matter which will pass readily through a 2(o)/64 round-hole sieve and all matter other than split peas which remains on the sieve. (Foreign material shall include detached seedcoats and pieces of detached seedcoats.)

    (h) Good color split peas. Split peas that in mass are practically free from discoloration and have the natural color and appearance characteristic of the predominating class.

    (i) Heat-damaged split peas. Split peas which have been materially discolored and damaged by heat.

    (j) Poor color split peas. Split peas that in mass are distinctly off color from the characteristic color of the predominating class as a result of age or any other cause.

    (k) Split peas. Dry threshed seeds of the garden pea plant (Pisum sativum L.) and the winter field pea plant (Pisum sativum var. arvense (L.) Poir.) of which 50.0 percent or more have been split into halves or smaller pieces and which contain not more than 10.0 percent of foreign material.

    (l) Weevil-damaged split peas. Split peas which are distinctly damaged by the pea weevil or other insects.

    (m) White caps. Split peas with seedcoats attached.

    (n) Whole peas. Dry peas which are not split.

    (o) 2(o)/64 round-hole sieve. A 2(o)/64 round-hole sieve shall be a metal sieve 0.0319 inch thick, perforated with round holes 0.0391 (2(o)/64) inch in diameter, which are 0.075 inch from center to center. (The perforations of each row shall be staggered in relation to the adjacent rows.)

    (p) 6/64 round-hole sieve. A 6/64 round-hole sieve shall be a metal sieve 0.0319 inch thick, perforated with round holes 0.0938 (6/64) inch in diameter which are 0.1562 (5/32) inch from center to center. (The perforations of each row shall be staggered in relation to the adjacent rows.)

    (q) 8/64 round-hole sieve. An 8/64 round-hole sieve shall be a metal sieve 0.0319 inch thick, perforated with round holes 0.1250 (8/64) inch in diameter which are 0.1875 (3/16) inch from center to center. (The perforations of each row shall be staggered in relation to the adjacent rows.)

    (r) 10/64 round-hole sieve. A 10/64 round-hole sieve shall be a metal sieve 0.0319 inch thick, perforated with round holes 0.1562 (10/64) inch in diameter which are 0.2187 (7/32) inch from center to center. (The perforations of each row shall be staggered in relation to the adjacent rows.)

    (s) 12/64 round-hole sieve. A 12/64 round-hole sieve shall be a metal sieve 0.0319 inch thick, perforated with round holes 0.1875 (12/64) inch in diameter which are 0.250 (3) inch from center to center. (The perforations of each row shall be staggered in relation to the adjacent rows.)  

    Principles Governing Application of Standards  

    502 Basis of determinations.  

    (a) All factor determinations shall be made on the basis of the split peas as sampled.

    (b) Defects in split peas shall be scored in accordance with the order shown in 501(e) andonce an individual pea is scored in a defective category, it shall not be scored for any other defect but it shall remain as a part of the sample for purposes of determining the percentages of other defects in the sample.

    503 Moisture.  

    Moisture content shall be determined by the use of equipment and procedures set forth in the Equipment Handbook, or by any method which gives equivalent results (see 506).  

    504 Percentages.  

    All percentages shall be determined on the basis of weight and shall be rounded off in accordance with instructions shown in the Pea and Lentil Handbook (see 506). Percentages shall be stated in whole and tenth percent to the nearest tenth percent.  

    505 Interpretive line samples.  

    Interpretive line samples showing the official scoring line for factors that are determined by visual observation shall be maintained by the Federal Grain Inspection Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and shall be available for reference in all inspection offices that inspect and grade split peas.  

    506 References.  

    The following publications are referenced in these standards and copies will be made available upon request to the Federal Grain Inspection Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture.  

    (a) Equipment Handbook, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Federal Grain Inspection Service.

    (b) Pea and Lentil Handbook, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Federal Grain Inspection Service.

    Grades, Grade Requirements, and Grade Designations  

    507 Grades and grade requirements for split peas.

    (See also 509.)  

    Grading Factors

    Maximum percent limits of:
    Grades U.S. Nos.

    1

    2

    3

    Split Peas Passing Through –

    10/64-inch Round-Hole Sieve
    8/64-inch Round-Hole Sieve
    6/64-inch Round-Hole Sieve

    Weevil-Damaged Split Peas
    Heat-Damaged Split Peas
    Damaged Split Peas 1/

    Contrasting Split Peas –

    In Green & Yellow Split Peas Only
    In Winter Split Peas Only

    Whole Peas
    White Caps –

    In Green & Yellow Split Peas Only
    In Winter Split Peas Only

    Bleached Peas in Green & Yellow Split Peas Only

    Foreign Material

    Minimum Requirements for Color 

    3.0
    0.5
    0.1

    0.5
    0.2
    1.0

     

    0.3
    0.5

    0.5
     

    1.0
    1.5

    1.5

    0.1

    Good

    15.0
    3.0
    0.2

    1.0
    0.5
    1.5

    0.8
    1.0

    1.0
     

    2.0
    3.0

    3.0

    0.2

    Fair

    25.0
    5.0
    0.3

    1.5
    1.0
    2.0

     

    1.5
    2.0

    2.0
     

    3.0
    5.0

    5.0

    0.5

    Poor 

    U.S. Sample grade:
    U.S. Sample grade shall be split peas which:

    (a) Do not meet the requirements for the grades U.S. Nos. 1, 2, or 3; or
    (b) Contain more than 15.0 percent moisture; live weevils, other live insects, insect webbing or filth; metal fragments; broken glass; or a commercially objectionable odor; or
    (c) Are heating or are of distinctly low quality.

    1/ Damaged split peas do not include weevil-damaged or heat-damaged split peas. 

    SPLIT PEAS  

    508 Grade designation for split peas.  

    The grade designation for split peas shall include in the following order, the letters “U.S.”; the number of the grade or the words “Sample grade”; the name of the class; and the name of each applicable special grade.  

    Special Grade, Special Grade Requirements, and Special Grade Designations  

    509 Special grade and requirements.  

    The special grade “Split pea chips” shall be applied in accordance with the following requirements: The split peas shall readily pass through a 12/64 round-hole sieve. Additional size requirements for the respective numerical grades shall be as follows:  

    U.S. No. 1-Not more than 3.0 percent shall readily pass through a 6/64 round-hole sieve;

    U.S. No. 2-Not more than 6.0 percent shall readily pass through a 6/64 round-hole sieve;

    U.S. No. 3-Not more than 10.0 percent shall readily pass through a 6/64 round-hole sieve.

    510 Special grade designation.  

    Split pea chips shall be graded and designated according to the grade requirements of the standards otherwise applicable to split peas, except for size, and there shall be added to and made a part of the grade designation, the word “Chips”.  

    Effective January 18, 1989